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Swimming Pool Basics

At Imperial Paddock Pools, we think it’s important that pool owners understand how their pool system operates as a whole. Our entire team is committed to helping you maintain and control your pool’s elements so you and your family can enjoy a fresh, sanitary pool. We’re proud to serve clients in Vancouver, Surrey, Ladner, Richmond and throughout the surrounding area.

How a Pool Works

As your pool water circulates through its system, the water is stained, filtered and chemically treated so that it remains clean, clear and sanitized. Water is drawn from the pool by the suction that is created by a circulating pump. While the pump is creating suction to draw the water, it is generating pressure on the other side of it, which pushes the water to the pool, passing through a filter, a heater and a chlorinator.

Pumps

In addition to circulating the pool water, pool pumps can power in-floor cleaning systems and automatic cleaners. The pool pump should be adequately sized so that it circulates all the pool water at least once a day. Efficiency of the pump is very important. Greater efficiency means lower utility costs. The key to pump efficiency lies deep in the heart of the pump's design. The secret is to minimize turbulence as water passes through the pump. Less turbulence means less energy and less noise.

Filters

When the pump is finished collecting water from your pool, the water is then passed through your filter before it enters the heating unit or heat pump and re-enters your pool or spa. You should choose a filtration system that matches your pool’s size and specific filtration requirements.


Filters remove most of the impurities from your pool's water, such as body oils, grease, dirt, leaves and grass. They do not, however, filter algae, bacteria or minerals from the water.


There are three main types of filters for pools and spas:

1. Sand Filters

Sand filters are the most popular type of pool and spa filtration system in Vancouver and the surrounding area because they are less expensive and simpler to operate and maintain than the alternatives. Pool water is pumped through layers of sand inside a pressurized container. Dirt and grease particles are retained in the sand. When the filter becomes dirty, it begins to restrict the flow of water, causing water pressure to increase. This indicates that the filter should be cleaned, which is a relatively simple task of backflushing or reversing the water flow to clear the dirt from the filter. With proper backwashing and use of a filter cleaner, the sand can last indefinitely. NOTE: Dangerous pressures can build up inside a filter. Before you attempt any maintenance operation, be sure to consult a pool professional or the equipment operations manual.

2. Diatomaceous Earth (D.E. Filters)

Diatomaceous earth filters (also known as D.E. filters), can filter out even very small particulates. These types of filters contain diatomaceous earth, a white powder which offers less water resistance. These pumps work easily even if they’re dirty. D.E. filters remove lots of dirt from your pool or spa’s water and offer outstanding cleaning abilities and produce sparkling, sanitary water. Similar to a sand filter, they are cleaned by backflushing which also discharges old D.E. powder. It’s important to replace the discharged D.E. powder by adding it to the skimmer. D.E. filters provide some of the cleanest water for residential and commercial pools, but pool owners should keep in mind that they require a little more maintenance because the filter must be routinely disassembled for manual cleaning.

3. Cartridge Filters

Cartridge filters require no backflushing and also offer low water flow resistance. Polyester elements within the filter trap dirt and are very durable. Higher water pressure indicates the need to clean the filter just as with sand filters, but the cleaning process is different. The filter is removed from the unit and can be rinsed with a water hose to remove dirt. Oily buildup can be removed by soaking the filter in detergent. Cartridge filters are relatively easy to clean and also have a low replacement cost. They should be replaced when they fail to maintain clear water in the pool or when they show signs of wear.

Heaters

Nothing allows you to enjoy your pool or spa more than a well-functioning heater. Add extra comfort to your early morning exercise routine, to your late-night swims and to extend the pool’s season from the early spring until the late fall. The most important element of pool heating is combustion efficiency, or ensuring that the heat is dispersed throughout the pool with 100% efficacy. Today’s high efficiency gas heaters warm your pool quickly and are affordable and built to last.

Chlorine Generators

Electrolytic chlorine generation (also known as salt chlorine generation) is the simplest, most reliable method of keeping your pool or spa’s water sparkling and clean. The chlorine generator uses regular table salt to generate all the chlorine your residential or commercial pool in the Lower Mainland will need. Best of all, chlorine generators do this safely, efficiently and automatically. Chlorine generators provide the same levels of sanitization that manual chlorine addition offers without any of the common drawbacks.


There are many benefits to having a salt water pool, including:

  • No impurities to irritate your eyes or skin
  • No chemicals to make your swimwear fade early
  • Your pool or spa’s water will feel smoother and more inviting
  • You’ll no longer have to store liquid or solid chlorine products at your home or business

Maintenance Products & Accessories

Imperial Paddock Pools recommends that pool cleaning be your top priority to maintain the beauty and operation of your pool and to ensure that your pool is safe and healthy for your friends and family. Regular pool cleaning also protects your financial investment.


Having the right collection of pool maintenance products and accessories at your disposal helps cut pool maintenance chores, leaving you more time to enjoy your pool with family and friends. We can help you select the brushes and poles, hand skimmers, leaf rakes and traps, thermometers and test kits to keep your pool sparkling clean and ready to go.


One accessory that can really cut down on your maintenance chores is an automatic pool cleaner. New systems have units that walk along your pool floor. These newer systems require practically no supervision.

Water Features

There may be nothing that offers the amount relaxation and tranquility that the sight and sound of moving water provide. That’s why water features are becoming an increasingly popular addition to pools and spas in Vancouver and throughout the Lower Mainland.

Energy Efficient Pool Products


Heating & Heat Loss

Imperial Paddock Pools has compiled several helpful hints to help your home or business reduce your heating costs and keep your pool warmer for longer.

  • Use a pool cover to reduce your heat loss. Studies show that pool and spa owners in Vancouver can reduce their costs by as much as 50-70%.
  • Consider adding a fence, a landscaping addition or a cabana to protect your pool from oncoming wind and to reduce its heat loss.
  • If your pool heater is more than five years old, a new, high efficiency gas heater will quickly pay for itself by reducing your utility bill drastically.
  • Compared to a gas heater, a pool heat pump can reduce energy usage by as much as 80%.
  • If you only use your pool during the weekends, consider lowering your heater or heat pump thermostat by 10 degrees during the week.
  • If you’re planning on being away from home for more than a week, turn off the pool heater or heat pump while you’re gone. Please use caution in the winter.
  • Have a timer or control system installed to regulate your pool or spa’s hours of operation.
  • Always ensure that your heater or heat pump is working properly when you open your pool for the season.

Circulation

Imperial Paddock Pools offers the following tips to improve your pool or spa’s circulation.

  • Choose energy efficient pool pumps to replace older models.
  • A variable speed pump that features permanent magnet motors and digital controls can save pool and spa owners almost 90% compared to one- or two- speed pumps that have induction motors.
  • Be sure to an energy efficient one- or two-speed pump that has enough power to meet your pool’s size and pump requirements.
  • Lower your pump’s runtime and/or its speed to reduce your energy use and lower your utility costs.
  • On average, water needs to be filtered once every 24 hours. If you’re using a one-speed pump, reduce the filtration runtime.
  • Install a timer or a control system to make sure your pool or spa’s filtration system is only used during off-peak energy usage hours, usually from 8 PM to 10 AM.
  • Ensure that intake grates are free of blockages and debris. Pumps must work harder and draw more energy to deal with clogged drains.
  • In order to obtain maximum filtration and energy efficiency, clean your filter and/or backwash it regularly according to its size and specific filtration requirements.

Control Systems

Automated control systems can handle most of the work so you have more time to enjoy your pool and spa. Automation also helps extend equipment life and reduce energy costs. That's because automation ensures that your circulation system, heater, lights and auxiliary equipment operate only when needed or when you choose. By optimizing equipment runtimes, automation even allows you to take advantage of available off-peak electric rates.

We service the following areas

Aldergrove
Anmore
Belcarra
Bowen Island
Burnaby
Cloverdale

Coquitlam
Delta
Ladner
Langley
Lions Bay
Maple Ridge

New Westminster
North Delta
North Vancouver
Pitt Meadows
Port Coquitlam
Port Moody

Richmond
Surrey
Tsawassen
Vancouver
West Vancouver
White Rock

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